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Thursday, 15 December 2011

Jacques Chirac convicted

PARIS: Popular former French president Jacques Chirac was convicted of graft on Thursday but escaped jail, receiving a suspended two year sentence for running ghost workers at Paris city hall.
Chirac found guilty
A file picture taken on November 5, 2010 shows former French President Jacques Chirac at the Quai Branly Museum in Paris. .Ex-French president Jacques Chirac on December 15, 2011 was found guilty of embezzlement and abuse of power in an unprecedented case that for the first time saw a former French leader face charges in court. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK KOVARIK
   In their ruling, judges said Chirac’s behaviour had cost Paris taxpayers  the equivalent of 1.4 million euros ($1.8 million).
   “Jacques Chirac breached the duty of trust that weighs on public officials  charged with caring for public funds or property, in contempt of the general  interest of Parisians,” the ruling said.
   He is the first president of modern France to be tried, but Nazi-era  collaborationist leader Philippe Petain was convicted of treason and the  country’s last king, Louis XVI, was sent to the guillotine in 1793.
   The verdict marked the end of a long legal drama. France’s current foreign  minister, Alain Juppe, was convicted in the same case in 2004 but has since  returned to public life, and is a key ally of President Nicolas Sarkozy.
   Thursday’s sentence was a surprise. Even state prosecutors had called for  Chirac — who still polls as one of France’s most popular figures — to be  cleared, and France has largely forgiven his long history of corruption.
   Chirac was president of France between 1995 and 2007 and as such enjoyed  legal immunity. He denied all the charges, but the case is only one of many  corruption scandals to have dogged him in a long public career.
   Doctors say he has “severe and irreversible” neurological problems  including memory loss and dementia.
   While he still makes occasional public appearances as a respected  centre-right elder statesman, he was unable to attend the trial.
   He was tried alongside nine alleged accomplices. Two were cleared, but the  rest were convicted of helping Chirac run a system at Paris city hall under  which political allies were paid municipal salaries for fake jobs.
   The city of Paris, which is now run by a Socialist mayor, dropped a case  for damages over the case after Chirac’s UMP party agreed to pay 2.2 million  euros ($2.85 million) to cover the embezzled funds.
   Chirac was hiring members of his political party for non-existent municipal  jobs in Paris, using the civic payroll to employ his own campaign staff.
   In all, 19 fictitious municipal jobs were created in Paris and its suburb  Nanterre between 1990 and 1995, ahead of Chirac’s successful presidential bid.
   Several people were convicted in connection with the case in 2004,  including Juppe who was found guilty of mishandling public funds, but is now a  key figure in the government of Chirac’s successor Sarkozy.       Juppe was given a 14-month suspended sentence and barred from public office  for a year — before returning as mayor od Bordeaux and now foreign minister.
He rejected the court’s request to appear as a witness in Chirac’s trial.
   Sarkozy was not himself close to Chirac. Despite serving as his interior  minister, the two were rivals, but the verdict will nevertheless embarrass many  members of the UMP.
   Juppe is seen as a key figure in Sarkozy’s re-election campaign and a  possible future prime minister if the right returns to office after May’s  presidential vote and legislative elections in June.
   Defence lawyers had denied in court that there was an organised “system” of  ghost jobs during Chirac’s time at city hall and insisted that the ex-mayor was  not in a position to know if any of the jobs had been fake.
   “You have an immense moral and political responsibility,” defence counsel  Georges Kiejman had told the court, urging an acquittal.
   “Your ruling will determine the final image given to Jacques Chirac.
Credit to: NST